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The Main Causes of Infertility – a Western Medical View

The Main Causes of Infertility – a Western Medical View

  1. Age Matters:
    • Fertility declines with age, primarily due to a natural reduction in the number and quality of a woman’s eggs.
    • After the age of 35, fertility decreases more rapidly, and the risk of miscarriages and chromosomal abnormalities in pregnancies increases.
    • Women have a limited number of eggs from birth, and as they age, both the quantity and quality of these eggs decline, making conception more challenging.
  2. PCOS Troubles (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome):
    • PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects many women of reproductive age.
    • It is characterised by hormonal imbalances that can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, excessive androgen (male hormone) levels, and the development of small cysts on the ovaries.
    • Irregular periods and lack of regular ovulation are common issues with PCOS, making it harder to predict when a woman is fertile.
  3. Endometriosis Explained:
    • Endometriosis is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside the uterus.
    • This misplaced tissue can cause pain, especially during menstruation, and may lead to the formation of scar tissue, which can interfere with the normal function of reproductive organs.
    • Endometriosis can disrupt the release of eggs and the fertilisation process, reducing a woman’s chances of getting pregnant.
  4. Uterine Issues:
    • Uterine abnormalities like fibroids (noncancerous growths in the uterine wall) or polyps (abnormal tissue growth in the inner lining of the uterus) can affect fertility.
    • These growths can interfere with the implantation of a fertilised egg or cause changes in the uterine environment that make it challenging for an embryo to develop.
  5. PID Problems (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease):
    • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs, often caused by untreated sexually transmitted infections.
    • If left untreated, PID can lead to inflammation and scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can prevent the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and increase the risk of infertility.
  6. Lifestyle Factors:
    • Lifestyle choices, such as smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and obesity, can negatively impact female fertility.
    • Smoking can damage the reproductive system and reduce egg quality.
    • Excessive alcohol consumption can disrupt hormone balance, affecting the menstrual cycle.
    • Obesity can lead to hormonal imbalances and insulin resistance, which can impact fertility.

Understanding these factors can empower women to make informed decisions about their reproductive health and seek medical guidance when needed. It’s essential to address these challenges to support women’s reproductive well-being and family planning goals.

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